Help:Formatting

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You can format your text using wiki markup. This consists of normal characters like asterisks, single quotes or equation marks which have a special function in the wiki, sometimes depending on their position. For example, to format a word in ''italic'', you include it in two single quotes like <code><nowiki>''this''</nowiki></code>
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#REDIRECT [[mw:Help:Formatting]]
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== Text formatting markup ==
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{| class="wikitable"
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! Description !! You type !! You get
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|-
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! colspan="3" style="background:#ABE" | character (inline) formatting – ''applies anywhere''
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|-
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|Italic text
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| <code><nowiki>''italic''</nowiki></code>
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|''italic''
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|-
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| Bold text
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| <code><nowiki>'''bold'''</nowiki></code>
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|'''bold'''
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|-
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| Bold and italic
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| <code><nowiki>'''''bold & italic'''''</nowiki></code>
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|'''''bold & italic'''''
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|-
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|Escape wiki markup
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| <code><nowiki><nowiki>no ''markup''&lt;/nowiki></nowiki></code>
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|<nowiki>no ''markup''</nowiki>
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|-
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! colspan="3" style="background:#ABE" | section formatting – ''only at the beginning of the line''
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|-
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|Headings of different levels
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| <pre>=level 1=
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==level 2==
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===level 3===
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====level 4====
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=====level 5=====
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======level 6======</pre>
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An article with 4 or more headings automatically creates a [[wikipedia:Wikipedia:Section#Table of contents (TOC)|table of contents]].
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|<!-- hack to prevent TOC viewing for h1 - h6 elements: their style is hardcopied here -->
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<div style="font-size: 188%; margin: 0; padding-top: .5em; padding-bottom: .17em; border-bottom: 1px solid #aaa">Level 1</div>
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<div style="font-size: 150%; margin: 0; padding-top: .5em; padding-bottom: .17em; border-bottom: 1px solid #aaa">Level 2</div>
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<div style="font-size: 132%; font-weight: bold">Level 3</div><!--
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--><b>Level 4</b><!--
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--><div style="font-size: 86%; font-weight: bold">Level 5</div><!--
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--><b style="font-size: 80%">Level 6</b>
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|-
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|Horizontal rule
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| <code>----</code>
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|
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----
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|-
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|Bullet list
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|
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<pre>
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* one
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* two
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* three
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** three point one
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** three point two
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</pre>
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Inserting a blank line will end the first list and start another.
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|
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* one
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* two
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* three
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** three point one
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** three point two
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|-
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|Numbered list
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|
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<pre>
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# one
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# two<br />spanning more lines<br />doesn't break numbering
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# three
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## three point one
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## three point two
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</pre>
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|
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# one
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# two<br />spanning more lines<br />doesn't break numbering
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# three
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## three point one
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## three point two
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|-
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|Definition list
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|<pre>
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;item 1
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: definition 1
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;item 2
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: definition 2-1
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: definition 2-2
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</pre>
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|
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;item 1
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: definition 1
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;item 2
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: definition 2-1
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: definition 2-2
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|-
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| Adopting definition list to indent text
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<pre>: Single indent
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:: Double indent
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::::: Multiple indent</pre>
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This workaround may be controversial from the viewpoint of accessibility.
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|
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: Single indent
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:: Double indent
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::::: Multiple indent
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|-
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| Mixture of different types of list
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|
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<pre>
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# one
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# two
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#* two point one
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#* two point two
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# three
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#; three item one
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#: three def one
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# four
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#: four def one
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#: this rather looks like the continuation of # four
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#: and thus often used instead of <br />
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# five
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## five sub 1
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### five sub 1 sub 1
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## five sub 2
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;item 1
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:* definition 1-1
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:* definition 1-2
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:
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;item 2
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:# definition 2-1
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:# definition 2-2
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</pre>
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The usage of <code>#:</code> and <code>*:</code> for breaking a line within an item may also be controversial.
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|
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# one
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# two
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#* two point one
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#* two point two
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# three
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#; three item one
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#: three def one
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# four
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#: four def one
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#: this rather looks like the continuation of <code># four</code>
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#: often used instead of <code>&lt;br /></code>
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# five
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## five sub 1
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### five sub 1 sub 1
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## five sub 2
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;item 1
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:* definition 1-1
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:* definition 1-2
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:
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;item 2
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:# definition 2-1
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:# definition 2-2
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|-
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|-
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|Preformatted text
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|
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<pre>
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preformatted text is done with
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a '''space''' at the
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''beginning'' of the line
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</pre>
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This way of preformatting only applies to section formatting, and character formatting markups are still effective.
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|
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preformatted text is done with
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a '''space''' at the
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''beginning'' of the line
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|}
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== Paragraphs ==
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MediaWiki ignores normal line breaks. To start a new paragraph, leave an empty line. You can force a line break within a paragraph with the HTML tags <code>&lt;br /></code>.
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== HTML ==
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Some [[wikipedia:HTML|HTML]] tags are allowed in MediaWiki, for example <code>&lt;code></code>, <code>&lt;div></code>, <code><nowiki><span></nowiki></code> and <code><nowiki><font></nowiki></code>. These apply anywhere you insert them.
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{| class="wikitable"
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!Description
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!You type
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!You get
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|-
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| Strikethrough
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| <code>&lt;del>Strikethrough&lt;/del></code> or <code>&lt;s>Strikethrough&lt;/s></code>
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|<del>Strikethrough</del>
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|- style="white-space:nowrap"
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|Fixed width text
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| <code>&lt;tt>Fixed width text&lt;/tt></code> or <code>&lt;code>source code&lt;/code></code>
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| <tt>Fixed width text</tt>
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|-
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|Blockquotes
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| <code>
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text text text text text text text text text text text text
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text text text text text text text text text text text text
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&lt;blockquote>  quote quote quote quote quote quote &lt;/blockquote>
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text text text text text text text text text text text text
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</code>
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| text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text <blockquote>  quote quote quote quote quote quote </blockquote> text text text text text text text text text text text text
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|-
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|Comment
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| <code>&lt;!-- This is a comment --></code>
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Text can only be viewed in the edit window.
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<!-- This is a real invisible comment -->
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|-
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|Completely preformatted text
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<code><nowiki><pre>this way, all markups are '''ignored'''</pre></nowiki></code>
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<pre> this way, all markups are '''ignored'''.</pre>
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|-
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|'''Customised''' preformatted text
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<code><nowiki><pre style="CSS text">this way, all markups are '''ignored''' and formated with a CSS text</pre></nowiki></code>
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<pre style="white-space:pre-wrap;white-space:-moz-pre-wrap;white-space:-pre-wrap;white-space:-o-pre-wrap;word-wrap:break-word;overflow:auto;">
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this way for instance, all '''ignored''' markups take into account the navigator size, by automatically adding some carriage returns dynamically to it.</pre>
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|}
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== Other formatting ==
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Beyond the text formatting markup shown above, here are some other formatting references:
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*[[Help:Links|Links]]
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* [[Help:Images|Images]]
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* [[Help:Tables|Tables]]
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[[Category:Help|Formatting]]
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Revision as of 15:42, 8 November 2009

  1. REDIRECT mw:Help:Formatting
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